According to reports in the Greek news media, not even police officers are allowed to carry arms on soccer fields — a claim that Ms. Rotziokou said is partially true. “Some, not all police officers, have instructions to not carry arms at some parts of the soccer stadium,” she said.
The mood was tense even before the start of the match, as a point deduction that had been imposed on PAOK was removed just hours before the match, a decision that could further reduce the credibility of the league.
“For the past three years, the government has been trying to clean up the suffering football sector,” said Georgios Vassiliadis, the deputy culture and sports minister, after his meeting with Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras on Monday.
Mr. Vassiliadis added that the government’s efforts will continue, and that a new set of stricter rules would need to be in place before the suspension of the Super League is lifted.
Football fans turned to social media to denounce the incident, which went viral on Twitter.
Both UEFA and FIFA, the governing bodies of European and world soccer, condemned the episode, but, because it occurred in the context of a national competition, neither are authorized to impose any disciplinary measures.
Still, both had parachuted in experts in recent years to help restore confidence and improve standards.
The incident on Sunday occurred less than two weeks after 58 people — including club owners, players and officials — were convicted after a seven-year investigation into allegations of widespread match-fixing in Greek soccer, centering on the accusation that certain clubs conspired to ensure they were given friendly refereeing.
The scandal has left many in the sport with little or no trust in the integrity of the competition. At one point, Olympiacos, the country’s most successful team — whose owner was implicated in the case but ultimately not charged — even called for foreign referees to be hired to guarantee impartiality.